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Poverty reduction and child development is becoming a central topic that draws global attention. Investing in early childhood development is the basic way of eliminating poverty and a key path to achieving the 2030 "Sustainable Development Goals" and accomplishing China's poverty relief tasks.

Major progress has been made in recent years on the theoretical study and policy practice of early childhood development. International studies and experience show that early childhood development is of critical importance because it is a major intervention for eliminating the intergenerational transfer of poverty. It also plays a key role in promoting children's healthy development and accumulating human capital around the world, especially in developing countries. Those international studies and policy practices, which are of strong policy and academic value, can be drawn on in China's ongoing campaign of poverty alleviation and sustainable development.

To promote the exchange of international experience, introduce China's progress and achievements in child development and push the anti-poverty cause in China, China Development Research Foundation, with the support of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), will host the Fifth International Conference on Poverty Reduction and Child Development at the Presidential Beijing on October 27-28, 2016. The theme of the conference is "early childhood development is the basic way of poverty elimination".

Senior officials from the Ministry of Education, National Health and Family Planning Commission, Development Research Center of the State Council, and State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development, representatives from international organizations and NGOs and renowned experts and scholars at home and abroad will gather and exchange their practices and experience in poverty alleviation and child development. They will make joint efforts to achieve the goal of eliminating poverty and promoting children's healthy development in China and around the world.

China Development Research Foundation has successfully held four editions of the conference. Chinese Vice Premier Liu Yandong attended the fourth edition and gave a speech. Former Vice Chairman of the National People's Congress Chen Zhili, heads of relevant departments, and world-renowned scholars such as Nobel laureate professor James J. Heckman and professor Amartya Sen also attended and addressed the conference. It has achieved great results and social influence.